The first Bible that the Catholic used was the Clementine Vulgate. It was issued by Pope Clement VIII in 1592 and became the authoritative biblical text of the Roman Catholic Church.
Now days its mostly the New Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition (NRSV-CE) with the "Apocryphal" or "Deuterocanonical" books in the Roman Catholic canonical order. It was approved for use by the Catholic Church and received the imprimatur of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops and the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops in 1991. It includes all 73 books of the Catholic Bible, including the deuterocanonical books, in the traditional Catholic order.
The NRSV is not solely used by Catholics. The NRSV has also an "standard" version what is used by Protestants without the Apocryphal / Deuterocanonical books.
The Catholics don't use the King James Bible. There are two main differences between the Catholic Bible and the Protestant (King James Version) Bible.
The Catholic Bible has 7 more books in the Old Testament than the Prostant Bible. The New Testament is Identical.
The Catholic Bible has an different order of the books. The so called "Catholic Order".
The Catholic kept most of the books that were in the Septuagint (The oldest Greek translation of the Old Testament plus some additional books). The Protestants canon only use the books that were also in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament).
• Does the Catholic Bible have more books?
Yes. The Catholic Bible has 7 extra books. These 7 books are not in the Protestant Bible.
• What are the 7 extra books in the Catholic Bible called?
They are called the 'Deuterocanonicals' by Catholics and 'Apocrypha' by Protestants.
• Who wrote the 7 extra books in the Catholic Bible?
Tobit: Author, Unknown
Judith: Author, Unknown
Baruch: According to Wikipedia, the Author is Baruch ben Neriah, the scribe and disciple of the prophet Jeremiah.
Wisdom of Solomon: The Muratorian Canon or the Muratorian Fragment cites that the friends of Solomon wrote it in his honor.
According to GotQuestions, some people believe King Solomon wrote it probably because of the title, but his name does not appear anywhere in the text.
Wisdom of Sirach: According to Britannica, the author is Ben Sira
1 Maccabees and 2 Maccabees: Author, Unknown
• What books are in the Catholic Bible that are not in other Bibles?
Tobit, Judith, Baruch, Wisdom of Solomon, Wisdom of Sirach, 1 Maccabees and 2 Maccabees, (and parts of Esther and Daniel.)
The Protestants led by Martin Luther rejected the 7 deuterocanonical books because they were against their Protestant doctrines. An example of the doctrines in the deuterocanonical books is the prayer for the dead and the existence of purgatory found in 2 Maccabees.
The Catholic Study Bible (NABRE). It is written by many Bible scholars and reviewed and approved by The United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB). It contains notes, commentary, and cross-references.
• What version is the Catholic Study Bible?
The New American Bible Revised Edition or NABRE. It is an English-language Catholic translation of the Bible.
Download free Catholic Bible on your mobile or PC from Google Play Store.